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The Decision of Children

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 22 March 2016 15:24

قَالَ رَبِّ أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لِي غُلَامٌ وَقَدْ بَلَغَنِيَ الْكِبَرُ وَامْرَأَتِي عَاقِرٌ ۖ قَالَ كَذَٰلِكَ اللَّـهُ يَفْعَلُ مَا يَشَاءُ

He (Zakariyya [‘alaihis salaam]) said, “O my Rabb, how shall I have a son when old age has come upon me and my wife is barren (unable to bear children)?” He (Allah Ta‘ala) replied, “That is how Allah Ta‘ala does what He wills.” (Surah Aal-‘Imraan v40)

Zakariyya (‘alaihis salaam) expressed surprise when he was informed of the birth of a son and the qualities which this son would possess. The question may arise that when Zakariyya (‘alaihis salaam) had himself mentioned to Allah Ta‘ala that he was aged and his wife was barren, and made the du‘aa with perfect reliance on the power of Allah Ta‘ala, then why was he surprised when he was told that a child was to be born? One simple answer is that his statement was a natural, instinctive expression of surprise - as would occur to any other human upon such an occasion. Although he reacted with instinctive surprise, he still completely understood the power of Allah Ta‘ala.

Read more: The Decision of Children

   

Fruit from the Unseen

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Last Updated on Monday, 09 November 2015 15:07

كُلَّمَا دَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا زَكَرِيَّا الْمِحْرَابَ وَجَدَ عِندَهَا رِزْقًا ۖ قَالَ يَا مَرْيَمُ أَنَّىٰ لَكِ هَـٰذَا ۖ قَالَتْ هُوَ مِنْ عِندِ اللَّـهِ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يَرْزُقُ مَن يَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

“Whenever Zakariyya (‘alaihis salaam) would visit her (Maryam [‘alaihas salaam]) at the place of worship, he would find food by her. He asked, “Maryam, from where did you get this?” She replied, “It is from Allah. Surely Allah provides for whom He wishes without measure.” (Surah Aal-‘Imraan v37)

Maryam (‘alaihas salaam) lived in the confines of Baitul Muqaddas and Allah Ta‘ala provided her with fruit from the unseen. She would even receive fruit that were out of season. This verse proves that miracles can take place at the hands of the pious. The reply of Maryam (‘alaihas salaam) highlights to us the special quality that is found in the pious, the quality of attributing conditions and achievements to Allah Ta‘ala, the sole provider.

   

Protection against Shaitaan

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Last Updated on Monday, 28 September 2015 15:32

وَإِنِّي سَمَّيْتُهَا مَرْيَمَ وَإِنِّي أُعِيذُهَا بِكَ وَذُرِّيَّتَهَا مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ

“(The mother of Maryam [‘alaihas salaam] said) I have named her Maryam and I place her and her progeny under Your shelter against Shaitaan, the rejected.” (Surah Aal-‘Imraan v36)

Hanna, the mother of Maryam (‘alaihas salaam), sought the protection of Allah Ta‘ala from Shaitaan for her daughter and her progeny. We too should turn to Allah Ta‘ala and make du‘aa for the protection of our children. We should place our trust in Allah Ta‘ala and not in the material means that surround us. To lose all hope of our children reforming and changing their lives is a clear indication that we have forgotten our Allah Ta‘ala, the Being Who can guide whoever He wishes.

She chose the name “Maryam” which means a worshipper. We too should keep names with good meanings for our children. The object is not to keep a unique or rare name; rather we should keep a name that has a pious effect on the child.

   

Dowry on Divorce

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Last Updated on Monday, 17 August 2015 15:12

وَإِن طَلَّقْتُمُوهُنَّ مِن قَبْلِ أَن تَمَسُّوهُنَّ وَقَدْ فَرَضْتُمْ لَهُنَّ فَرِيضَةً فَنِصْفُ مَا فَرَضْتُمْ إِلَّا أَن يَعْفُونَ أَوْ يَعْفُوَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ عُقْدَةُ النِّكَاحِ ۚ وَأَن تَعْفُوا أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ ۚ وَلَا تَنسَوُا الْفَضْلَ بَيْنَكُمْ

“If you divorce them before you have touched them, while you have already fixed for them an amount of dowry, then there is one half of what you have fixed, unless they (the woman) forgive or forgives the one in whose hand lies the marriage tie, and it is closer to taqwa (righteousness) that you forgive, and do not forget to be graceful to one another.” (Surah Baqarah, v237)

If the dowry was not stipulated and the wife was divorced or the husband died, and this was after consummation, she will receive the standard dowry received by other women of her family. If there was no consummation, but the dowry was stipulated, she is entitled to half the agreed amount. There will naturally be no issue if she chooses to waive the entire amount or he chooses to give the full sum. If the dowry was specified and the marriage was consummated, the full sum will be due from the husband.

   

Divorce and Dowry

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Last Updated on Thursday, 21 May 2015 10:58

لَّا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِن طَلَّقْتُمُ ٱلنِّسَآءَ مَا لَمْ تَمَسُّوهُنَّ أَوْ تَفْرِضُوا۟ لَهُنَّ فَرِيضَةً ۚ وَمَتِّعُوهُنَّ عَلَى ٱلْمُوسِعِ قَدَرُهُ وَعَلَى ٱلْمُقْتِرِ قَدَرُهُ مَتَـٰعًۢا بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ ۖ حَقًّا عَلَى ٱلْمُحْسِنِينَ

“There is no liability (of dower) on you if you divorce women when you have not yet touched them, nor fixed for them an amount. So give them mut‘ah (a gift), a rich man according to his means and a poor one according to his means. A benefit in the recognized manner, an obligation on the virtuous.” (Surah Baqarah, v236)

The person who does not consummate the marriage, nor stipulates any dowry, will owe the wife nothing when divorcing her. However as a token of good will, he should give her what is termed as “mut‘ah”. This may take the form of a set of clothing consisting of these pieces: a scarf, an upper garment and a third garment that covers the entire body from head to feet.

Lesson: Though the husband owes nothing to the wife in this instance, the Quraan still encourages him to act with kindness and compassion. Divorce is a very difficult matter on both parties, especially the wife. Thus the Quraan exhorts one to include some positive element when terminating this bond due to circumstances that cannot be resolved.

   

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