اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أَسْأَلُكَ الصِّحَّةَ وَالْعِفَّةَ وَالْأَمَانَةَ وَحُسْنَ الْـخُلُقِ وَالرِّضَا بِالْقَدَرِ
“O Allah, I ask of You (to bestow me with) health, protection from sin, trustworthiness, good character and being pleased with Your decree.” (Tabraani – Majma‘uz Zawaaid #17322)
In this du‘aa, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) beseeched Allah Ta‘ala for five qualities. Outwardly, it seems that these are random unrelated qualities, however, there is actually a connection and link between them.
The first aspect which is sought for in this du‘aa is good health. When a person has good health, provided he uses it correctly, he can achieve much in life. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) has said, “Two bounties (are such that) many people incur a loss in their regard: good health and free time.” (Saheeh Bukhaari #6412)
The second aspect mentioned is protection from sin. The link between these two is that while there are many causes and factors that affect a person’s health, a major cause is not restraining from sins and not safeguarding one’s chastity. There are many sicknesses and health complications which come about as a result of sins in general, and specifically sins related to zina. Hence, in order to protect one’s health, a person must protect himself from these as well as all other sins.
The third quality is trustworthiness. Only that person will be able to restrain himself from sin who possesses trustworthiness in every sense. Trustworthiness is not merely confined to monetary and material things; rather, it also encompasses being trustworthy with regard to the limbs that Allah Ta‘ala has blessed us with. Since even our limbs are an amaanah (trust) given to us they should not be used for the disobedience of Allah Ta‘ala. When this quality is deeply rooted in a person, he understands that he cannot use his heart, mind and limbs to carry out any act of disobedience. When a person borrows something, he takes extra precaution and care when using it. In a similar manner, our bodies have been loaned to us by Allah Ta‘ala. Therefore, on the Day of Qiyaamah, we will be questioned regarding our limbs. These limbs will actually testify for us or against us on that day.
The fourth aspect is good character. Good character is undoubtedly a very great and integral part of Deen. On the Day of Qiyaamah, the thing which will hold the most weight on the scales of deeds will be a person’s good character. (Sunan Tirmizi #2002) The previous quality (i.e. amaanah) is in actual fact a facet of good character. Hence, the person who possesses complete akhlaaq will possess amaanah as well. However, if a person picks and chooses which characteristics he wishes to imbibe within himself, he will most likely neglect amaanah, hence it was mentioned specifically.
The last aspect sought for in this du‘aa is being totally pleased with the decree of Allah Ta‘ala. A person who is always happy with the decree of Allah Ta‘ala will have the highest level of akhlaaq because his focus is always on Allah Ta‘ala and he understands that everything is from Him. When this is his focus, he takes everything in its stride. Hence, if a person treats him in an uncordial manner, he immediately turns his attention to Allah Ta‘ala. On the contrary, when a person’s focus is merely on the creation, he is affected by trivial and petty issues and it will be too difficult for him to act in accordance to good akhlaaq.
May Allah Ta‘ala bless us with these five beautiful qualities, aameen.